A diabetic must take insulin, follow instructions about insulin injections, and monitor their blood glucose levels. They also need to keep their doctor’s appointments, and their diets should be carefully monitored. Despite the many responsibilities, managing diabetes is not difficult if you follow the correct steps. Glucose meters help determine your blood sugar levels. They also tell you when you need to eat and exercise. You can also adjust the dosage of your insulin accordingly.
The word diabetes is derived from the Latin and Ancient Greek words mellitus, meaning “honey”. The term melitus is a contraction of the terms dia- and bainein, which mean “sweet.” This is the same suffix used for the word pleasure in English. The disease is named for the ancient Greek physician Aretaeus of Cappadocia, who first noticed that his patients’ urine had a sweet taste.
Diabetics have many health problems. Damage to the nerves and blood vessels can cause vision loss. As a result, diabetics have a higher risk of developing glaucoma and cataracts. It is crucial to see a doctor to monitor the eye’s health regularly. Some of these conditions can lead to permanent disabilities such as blindness or severe health issues.
Type 2 diabetes is more common and affects children and teens. People with type 1 diabetes have less insulin than a normal person. Their pancreatic cells stop producing insulin, and the patient must take insulin injections every day. While this disease can appear at any age, it is most common in children, teenagers, and young adults. Once diagnosed, a person needs daily injections of insulin.
However, it is especially important to see a doctor if they are experiencing blurred vision for more than two days or lose vision suddenly in one or both eyes. They should also have flashing lights in their eyes, pain, or gray spots in their eyes. Those who suffer from the condition should undergo dialysis. There are several treatment options for people with diabetes, but it is important to follow the guidelines and consult a health care professional whenever you have any symptoms.
A person with diabetes should have an annual eye examination. If you experience a sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes, you should visit a doctor immediately. If you notice any gray or black spots in your vision, you should see a doctor. If you have any symptoms of blindness, visit a doctor right away. A person with diabetes should have a kidney biopsy done. If the condition does not respond to treatment, it could result in amputation.
Besides blindness and vision problems, diabetics should also check their kidneys for signs of complications. A high blood sugar level can damage the blood vessels and nerves, causing problems in these parts of the body. In addition, diabetic neuropathy affects organs. The brain receives signals about pain, temperature, touch, and other sensations. It can also cause serious damage to a person’s digestive system.
Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body’s immune system attacking the beta cells in the pancreas. Some of these toxins can trigger an attack on the pancreatic beta cells, which in turn results in type 1 diabetes. The World Health Organization deprecates the malnutrition-related form of diabetes mellitus as a separate disorder. Interestingly, the double diagnosis of diabetes can occur in a person with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Diabetic patients should get an annual eye exam. Those with diabetes should see their doctor if their vision is blurred or becomes blurry. If they have blurred vision for more than 2 days, or are experiencing a sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes, they should see a doctor immediately. If they notice dark or moving gray spots, or feel pain in the eyes, they should visit their doctor immediately. If the condition becomes severe, dialysis will be required.
If your blood glucose level is high, you should test for ketones. If your blood sugar levels are high, call a doctor. You should be aware of signs and symptoms of diabetes and learn more about it. If you have type 1 diabetes, you should be vigilant in monitoring your blood sugar levels and be sure to follow the doctor’s orders. If you have type 2 diabetes, you should also monitor your blood glucose levels regularly. A person with diabetes should be able to manage it at home and in the hospital.