Diagnosis of a heart attack:
- An electrocardiogram of heart rate, rhythm, and changes that may be indicative of a heart attack, and most importantly, it indicates the extent and location of damage to the heart muscle.
- Blood tests: Heart enzymes such as CK-MB and troponin are signs of damage to the heart muscle and help the cardiologist understand the size of the heart attack and when it began.
- Echocardiography is an imaging test that determines whether the heart is pumping blood normally and detects any damage to the heart muscle early on.
- Cardiac catheterization is used immediately after a heart attack to see which arteries are blocked and to what extent.
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