Heart Attack: Symptoms, Causes, Method Of Diagnosis

Risk factors for heart attack

The following are the most important non-modifiable risk factors over which you may have little control:

Age: Men over 45 or women over 55 are more likely to have a heart attack.

Gender: Men are more likely to have a heart attack than women, and this happens after the age of 70 years.

Family history of heart attack: If your parents, grandparents, or siblings had a history of heart attacks at a young age, especially before the age of 50, you may be at risk for a heart attack.


Here are the most modifiable risk factors that you can control:

Diabetes: Increased blood sugar levels increase the risk of a heart attack.

High blood pressure: Constantly high blood pressure can damage your arteries, especially if you also have obesity, high cholesterol, or diabetes, which increases your risk.

High levels of cholesterol or triglycerides: A high level of triglycerides, a type of blood fat associated with your diet, is likely to increase your risk of heart attack, and a high level of low-density lipoprotein is likely to narrow your arteries.

Obesity: Obesity causes increased levels of cholesterol in the blood, high levels of triglycerides, high blood pressure, and diabetes which can lead to a heart attack.


Illicit drug use: Drugs such as cocaine or amphetamines can cause a spasm in the coronary arteries, leading to a heart attack.

Stress: Excessive stress in daily life is also a risk factor.

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